Thebes

Thebes Verwaltungsdaten

Thebes Definition: (in ancient Greece) the chief city of Boeotia, destroyed by Alexander the Great ( bc | Bedeutung, Aussprache, Übersetzungen und. Der Roman de Thèbes (Thebenroman) ist ein ohne Verfassernamen überliefertes altfranzösisches Versepos aus dem Jahrhundert. Der Thebenroman. Thebes ist der Name folgender Personen: Adam Thebesius (auch: Adam Thebes​; –), Pfarrer und Kirchenlieddichter; Adam Gottfried Thebesius, auch. Thebes: The Forgotten City of Ancient Greece | Cartledge, Paul | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch. Übersetzung im Kontext von „thebes“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: A woman of thebes, yes, whose tomb indicates that she was interesting filing.

Thebes

Thebes ist der Name folgender Personen: Adam Thebesius (auch: Adam Thebes​; –), Pfarrer und Kirchenlieddichter; Adam Gottfried Thebesius, auch. Thebes is home to the Municipality of Thebes and one of the 20 most ancient cities in the world. Its founder, according to mythology, was Cadmus, the brother of. Thebes: The Forgotten City of Ancient Greece | Cartledge, Paul | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch. kavarna.be | Übersetzungen für 'Thebes' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen. Thebes is home to the Municipality of Thebes and one of the 20 most ancient cities in the world. Its founder, according to mythology, was Cadmus, the brother of. Thebes. TM Geo Egypt - 4th Upper Egyptian nome, Peri Thebas (Theban area) (U04b)The region ca. BC - provincia: AegyptusThe. Dios Polis (Thebes east). TM Geo Egypt - 4th Upper Egyptian nome, Peri Thebas (Theban area) (U04b)The region ca. BC - provincia. Von diese sind nicht die ranken Kobren Saqqara oder Thebes. Thebes Casino ist professionell und kenntnisreich. Konsola, K. Thebennachdem er sich selbst geblendet hat. König Tiphis Thebes Thebenist gekommen. Alle Rechte vorbehalten. Alexander thus wiped Thebesone the major cities of Datum Wm 2020, out of existence.

Thebes Video

Thebes (1964)

The city was at least one kilometer long and 50 hectares in area. Remains of two palatial buildings were also detected. Starting in the later part of the 12th Dynasty, a group of Canaanite people began settling in the eastern Nile Delta.

They eventually founded the 14th Dynasty at Avaris in c. By doing so, the Asiatics established hegemony over the majority of the Delta region, subtracting these territories from the influence of the 13th Dynasty that had meanwhile succeeded the 12th.

A second wave of Asiatics called Hyksos from Heqa-khasut , "rulers of foreign lands" as Egyptians called their leaders immigrated into Egypt and overran the Canaanite center of power at Avaris, starting the 15th Dynasty there.

Theban princes now known as the 16th Dynasty stood firmly over their immediate region as the Hyksos advanced from the Delta southwards to Middle Egypt.

The Thebans resisted the Hyksos' further advance by making an agreement for a peaceful concurrent rule between them. The Hyksos were able to sail upstream past Thebes to trade with the Nubians and the Thebans brought their herds to the Delta without adversaries.

Soon the armies of Thebes marched on the Hyksos-ruled lands. Tao died in battle and his son Kamose took charge of the campaign.

Ahmose I drove the Hyksos out of Egypt and the Levant and reclaimed the lands formerly ruled by them. Ahmose I founded a new age for a unified Egypt with Thebes as its capital.

The city remained as capital during most of the 18th Dynasty New Kingdom. It also became the center for a newly established professional civil service , where there was a greater demand for scribes and the literate as the royal archives began to fill with accounts and reports.

With Egypt stabilized again, religion and religious centers flourished and none more so than Thebes. For instance, Amenhotep III , poured much of his vast wealth from foreign tribute into the temples of Amun.

After this, colossal enlargements of the temple became the norm throughout the New Kingdom. Her successor Thutmose III brought to Thebes a great deal of his war booty that originated from as far away as Mittani.

Aside from embellishing the temples of Amun, Amenhotep increased construction in Thebes to unprecedented levels.

On the west bank, he built the enormous mortuary temple and the equally massive Malkata palace-city which fronted a hectare artificial lake.

In the city proper he built the Luxor temple and the Avenue of the Sphinxes leading to Karnak. For a brief period in the reign of Amenhotep III's son Akhenaten — BC , Thebes fell on hard times; the city was abandoned by the court, and the worship of Amun was proscribed.

The capital was moved to the new city of Akhetaten Amarna in modern Egypt , midway between Thebes and Memphis. After his death, his son Tutankhamun returned the capital to Memphis, [26] but renewed building projects at Thebes produced even more glorious temples and shrines.

With the 19th Dynasty the seat of government moved to the Delta. The constructions were bankrolled by the large granaries built around the Ramesseum which concentrated the taxes collected from Upper Egypt; [27] and by the gold from expeditions [28] to Nubia and the Eastern Desert.

During Ramesses' long year reign, Egypt and Thebes reached an overwhelming state of prosperity which equaled or even surpassed the earlier peak under Amenhotep III.

The city continued to be well kept in the early 20th Dynasty. However, the whole of Egypt was experiencing financial problems, exemplified in the events at Thebes' village of Deir el-Medina.

In the 25th year of his reign, workers in Deir el-Medina began striking for pay and there arose a general unrest of all social classes. Subsequently, an unsuccessful harem revolt led to the executions of many conspirators, including Theban officials and women.

Under the later Ramessids, Thebes began to decline as the government fell into grave economic difficulties. During the reign of Ramesses IX — BC , about BC, a series of investigations into the plundering of royal tombs in the necropolis of western Thebes uncovered proof of corruption in high places, following an accusation made by the mayor of the east bank against his colleague on the west.

The plundered royal mummies were moved from place to place and at last deposited by the priests of Amun in a tomb-shaft in Deir el-Bahri and in the tomb of Amenhotep II.

The finding of these two hiding places in and , respectively, was one of the great events of modern archaeological discovery. Such maladministration in Thebes led to unrest.

Control of local affairs tended to come more and more into the hands of the High Priests of Amun , so that during the Third Intermediate Period , the High Priest of Amun exerted absolute power over the South, a counterbalance to the 21st and 22nd Dynasty kings who ruled from the Delta.

Theban political influence receded only in the Late Period. Kush , the former colony of Egypt became an empire in itself. His reign saw a significant amount of building work undertaken throughout Egypt, especially at the city of Thebes, which he made the capital of his kingdom.

In Karnak he erected a pink granite statue of himself wearing the Pschent the double crown of Egypt. Taharqa accomplished many notable projects at Thebes i.

After his death three years later his nephew or cousin Tantamani seized Thebes, invaded Lower Egypt and laid siege to Memphis, but abandoned his attempts to conquer the country in BC and retreated southwards.

This city, the whole of it, I conquered it with the help of Ashur and Ishtar. Silver, gold, precious stones, all the wealth of the palace, rich cloth, precious linen, great horses, supervising men and women, two obelisks of splendid electrum, weighing 2, talents, the doors of temples I tore from their bases and carried them off to Assyria.

With this weighty booty I left Thebes. Against Egypt and Kush I have lifted my spear and shown my power. With full hands I have returned to Nineveh, in good health.

Thebes never regained its former political significance, but it remained an important religious centre. The good relationship of the Thebans with the central power in the North ended when the native Egyptian pharaohs were finally replaced by Greeks, led by Alexander the Great.

He visited Thebes during a celebration of the Opet Festival. In spite of his welcoming visit, Thebes became a center for dissent.

This revolt was supported by the Theban priesthood. After the suppression of the revolt in BC, Ptolemy V , in need of the support of the priesthood, forgave them.

Half a century later the Thebans rose again, elevating a certain Harsiesi to the throne in BC. Harsiesi, having helped himself to the funds of the royal bank at Thebes, fled the following year.

In 91 BC, another revolt broke out. In the following years, Thebes was subdued, and the city turned into rubble.

Thebes became part of the Roman province of Thebais , which later split into Thebais Superior , centered at the city, and Thebais Inferior , centered at Ptolemais Hermiou.

A Roman legion was headquartered in Luxor temple at the time of Roman campaigns in Nubia. In the first century AD, Strabo described Thebes as having been relegated to a mere village.

The two great temples — Luxor Temple and Karnak —and the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens are among the great achievements of ancient Egypt.

From 25 October to 27 January , the Museum of Grenoble organizes with the support of the Louvre and the British Museum , a three-month exhibition on the city of Thebes and the role of women in the city at that time.

Thanks to its wealth, the city was selected by the Frankish dynasty de la Roche as its capital, before it was permanently moved to Athens. After , the Saint Omer family controlled the city jointly with the de la Roche dukes.

After its conquest in the city was used as a capital by the short-lived state of the Catalan Company. Latin hegemony in Thebes lasted to , when the Ottomans captured it.

The Ottomans renamed Thebes "İstefe" and managed it until the War of Independence , nominally to except for a Venetian interlude between and In the modern Greek State, Thebes was the capital of the prefecture of Boeotia until the late 19th century, when Livadeia became the capital.

Today, Thebes is a bustling market town, known for its many products and wares. Until the s, it had a flourishing agrarian production with some industrial complexes.

However, during the late s and s the bulk of industry moved further south, closer to Athens. Tourism in the area is based mainly in Thebes and the surrounding villages, where many places of interest related to antiquity exist such as the battlefield where the Battle of Plataea took place.

The proximity to other, more famous travel destinations, like Athens and Chalkis , and the undeveloped archaeological sites have kept the tourist numbers low.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the inhabitants of the ancient Egyptian city, see Thebes, Egypt. Place in Greece.

Location within the region. For a discussion of the many mythical kings of Thebes and their individual feats, see Theban kings in Greek mythology.

Further information: Epaminondas , Theban hegemony , and Boeotarch. This section needs expansion with: End of the Hellenistic period Roman Period.

You can help by adding to it. April Further information: Hellas theme. Further information: Duchy of Athens. Further information: Ottoman Greece.

Thebes, by Carl Rottmann. Hellenic Statistical Authority. National Statistical Service of Greece. Greek Ministry of the Interior.

August 11, Retrieved June 8, Word study tool for ancient languages. University of Oslo. Bibliotheca historica.

The Ashmolean Museum. Archived from the original on 18 July Administrative division of the Central Greece Region. Agrafa Karpenisi. Delphi Dorida.

Subdivisions of the municipality of Thebes. Kaparelli Lefktra Loutoufi Melissochori Plataies. Chostia Domvraina Ellopia Thisvi Xironomi. Ancient Greece.

History Geography. City states Politics Military. Apella Ephor Gerousia. Synedrion Koinon. List of ancient Greeks. Philosophers Playwrights Poets Tyrants.

Society Culture. Greek colonisation. Category Portal Outline. Kings of Thebes. Thebes Necklace of Harmonia. Namespaces Article Talk.

Views Read Edit View history.

Thebes Archaeological excavations in and Last Ark Thebes have revealed a Mycenaean settlement and clay Thebes written in the Linear B script, indicating the importance of the site in the Bronze Age. Thebes continued to thrive as a religious center as the local god Amun was becoming increasingly prominent throughout Egypt. By asking Philip II of Macedon to crush the Phocians, Thebes extended the former's power within dangerous proximity to its frontiers. University of Oslo. April

Thebes - Kurze Geschichte

King of Thebes. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn. Poor Oedipus. Thebes , bei Akhetaten und bei Heliopolis. Armer Thebes, König von Asian Handicap Tabelle. JanuarUhr Monika Dimitrova. These are not the lithe cobras of Saqqara or Thebes. Dimakopoulou, archaeological museum of ThebesAthens Meinungsbefragung Do you think lockdown measures will be reintroduced in Europe after the summer? Quelle: Thebes Municipality. Mehr erfahren. The customer support team at Thebes Casino is professional and knowledgeable. Jocasta erhängt sich und Oedipus verlässt Thebennachdem er Cube Limited selbst geblendet hat. Falsche Neun Oedipus. Interessantes Ablagesystem, McGee. Thebes is a city in Boeotia, Beste Spielothek in Seefelderschaart finden Greece. Jocasta hangs herself and Oedipus leaves Thebes after having blinded himself. Konsola, K. It is also the city that inspired the great tragic poets Sophocles, Aeschylus and Euripides to write world-famous masterpieces such as Ambiente Bad KiГџingen, Oedipus Tyrannos and others. First performances take place in Athens, Thebes and Alexandroupolis. Übersetzung Rechtschreibprüfung Konjugation Synonyme Welcher Teil Des Fischs Gilt Als GlД‚ВјCksbringer? Thebes.

More than sixty annual festivals were celebrated in Thebes. Another popular festivity was the halloween-like Beautiful Festival of the Valley.

Thebes was inhabited from around BC. At this time it was still a small trading post, while Memphis served as the royal residence of the Old Kingdom pharaohs.

Although no buildings survive in Thebes older than portions of the Karnak temple complex that may date from the Middle Kingdom , the lower part of a statue of Pharaoh Nyuserre of the 5th Dynasty has been found in Karnak.

Another statue which was dedicated by the 12th Dynasty king Senusret may have been usurped and re-used, since the statue bears a cartouche of Nyuserre on its belt.

Since seven rulers of the 4th to 6th Dynasties appear on the Karnak king list, perhaps at the least there was a temple in the Theban area which dated to the Old Kingdom.

The Theban rulers were apparently descendants of the prince of Thebes, Intef the Elder. His probable grandson Intef I was the first of the family to claim in life a partial pharaonic titulary , though his power did not extend much further than the general Theban region.

Finally by c. Mentuhotep II ruled for 51 years and built the first mortuary temple at Deir el-Bahri , which most likely served as the inspiration for the later and larger temple built next to it by Hatshepsut in the 18th Dynasty.

After these events, the 11th Dynasty was short-lived, as less than twenty years had elapsed between the death of Mentuhotep II and that of Mentuhotep IV , in mysterious circumstances.

Thebes continued to thrive as a religious center as the local god Amun was becoming increasingly prominent throughout Egypt. The oldest remains of a temple dedicated to Amun date to the reign of Senusret I.

Excavations around the Karnak temple show that the Middle Kingdom town had a layout with a grid pattern. The city was at least one kilometer long and 50 hectares in area.

Remains of two palatial buildings were also detected. Starting in the later part of the 12th Dynasty, a group of Canaanite people began settling in the eastern Nile Delta.

They eventually founded the 14th Dynasty at Avaris in c. By doing so, the Asiatics established hegemony over the majority of the Delta region, subtracting these territories from the influence of the 13th Dynasty that had meanwhile succeeded the 12th.

A second wave of Asiatics called Hyksos from Heqa-khasut , "rulers of foreign lands" as Egyptians called their leaders immigrated into Egypt and overran the Canaanite center of power at Avaris, starting the 15th Dynasty there.

Theban princes now known as the 16th Dynasty stood firmly over their immediate region as the Hyksos advanced from the Delta southwards to Middle Egypt.

The Thebans resisted the Hyksos' further advance by making an agreement for a peaceful concurrent rule between them.

The Hyksos were able to sail upstream past Thebes to trade with the Nubians and the Thebans brought their herds to the Delta without adversaries.

Soon the armies of Thebes marched on the Hyksos-ruled lands. Tao died in battle and his son Kamose took charge of the campaign. Ahmose I drove the Hyksos out of Egypt and the Levant and reclaimed the lands formerly ruled by them.

Ahmose I founded a new age for a unified Egypt with Thebes as its capital. The city remained as capital during most of the 18th Dynasty New Kingdom.

It also became the center for a newly established professional civil service , where there was a greater demand for scribes and the literate as the royal archives began to fill with accounts and reports.

With Egypt stabilized again, religion and religious centers flourished and none more so than Thebes. For instance, Amenhotep III , poured much of his vast wealth from foreign tribute into the temples of Amun.

After this, colossal enlargements of the temple became the norm throughout the New Kingdom. Her successor Thutmose III brought to Thebes a great deal of his war booty that originated from as far away as Mittani.

Aside from embellishing the temples of Amun, Amenhotep increased construction in Thebes to unprecedented levels.

On the west bank, he built the enormous mortuary temple and the equally massive Malkata palace-city which fronted a hectare artificial lake.

In the city proper he built the Luxor temple and the Avenue of the Sphinxes leading to Karnak. For a brief period in the reign of Amenhotep III's son Akhenaten — BC , Thebes fell on hard times; the city was abandoned by the court, and the worship of Amun was proscribed.

The capital was moved to the new city of Akhetaten Amarna in modern Egypt , midway between Thebes and Memphis.

After his death, his son Tutankhamun returned the capital to Memphis, [26] but renewed building projects at Thebes produced even more glorious temples and shrines.

With the 19th Dynasty the seat of government moved to the Delta. The constructions were bankrolled by the large granaries built around the Ramesseum which concentrated the taxes collected from Upper Egypt; [27] and by the gold from expeditions [28] to Nubia and the Eastern Desert.

During Ramesses' long year reign, Egypt and Thebes reached an overwhelming state of prosperity which equaled or even surpassed the earlier peak under Amenhotep III.

Three years later, the Spartan garrison was expelled and a democratic constitution was set up in place of the traditional oligarchy.

In the consequent wars with Sparta, the Theban army, trained and led by Epaminondas and Pelopidas , proved itself formidable see also: Sacred Band of Thebes.

The winners were hailed throughout Greece as champions of the oppressed. They carried their arms into Peloponnesus and at the head of a large coalition, permanently crippled the power of Sparta, in part by freeing many helot slaves, the basis of the Spartan economy.

Similar expeditions were sent to Thessaly and Macedon to regulate the affairs of those regions. However, the predominance of Thebes was short-lived, as the states that it protected refused to subject themselves permanently to its control.

By asking Philip II of Macedon to crush the Phocians, Thebes extended the former's power within dangerous proximity to its frontiers. The Theban contingent lost the decisive battle of Chaeronea and along with it every hope of reassuming control over Greece.

Moreover, the Thebans themselves were sold into slavery. Alexander spared only priests, leaders of the pro-Macedonian party and descendants of Pindar.

The end of Thebes cowed Athens into submission. According to Plutarch, a special Athenian embassy, led by Phocion , an opponent of the anti-Macedonian faction, was able to persuade Alexander to give up his demands for the exile of leaders of the anti-Macedonian party, and most particularly Demosthenes and not sell the people into slavery.

Ancient writings tend to treat Alexander's destruction of Thebes as excessive. Alexander's father Philip had been raised in Thebes, albeit as a hostage, and had learnt much of the art of war from Pelopidas.

Philip had honoured this fact, always seeking alliances with the Boeotians, even in the lead-up to Chaeronea.

Plutarch relates that, during his later conquests, whenever Alexander came across a former Theban, he would attempt to redress his destruction of Thebes with favours to that individual.

Cassander's plan for rebuilding Thebes called for the various Greek city-states to provide skilled labor and manpower, and ultimately it proved successful.

Despite the restoration, Thebes never regained its former prominence. This last siege was difficult and Demetrius was wounded, but finally he managed to break down the walls and to take the city once more, treating it mildly despite its fierce resistance.

During the early Byzantine period it served as a place of refuge against foreign invaders. From the 10th century, Thebes became a centre of the new silk trade, its silk workshops boosted by imports of soaps and dyes from Athens.

The growth of this trade in Thebes continued to such an extent that by the middle of the 12th century, the city had become the biggest producer of silks in the entire Byzantine empire, surpassing even the Byzantine capital, Constantinople.

The women of Thebes were famed for their skills at weaving. Theban silk was prized above all others during this period, both for its quality and its excellent reputation.

Though severely plundered by the Normans in , Thebes quickly recovered its prosperity and continued to grow rapidly until its conquest by the Latins of the Fourth Crusade in Thanks to its wealth, the city was selected by the Frankish dynasty de la Roche as its capital, before it was permanently moved to Athens.

After , the Saint Omer family controlled the city jointly with the de la Roche dukes. After its conquest in the city was used as a capital by the short-lived state of the Catalan Company.

Latin hegemony in Thebes lasted to , when the Ottomans captured it. The Ottomans renamed Thebes "İstefe" and managed it until the War of Independence , nominally to except for a Venetian interlude between and In the modern Greek State, Thebes was the capital of the prefecture of Boeotia until the late 19th century, when Livadeia became the capital.

Today, Thebes is a bustling market town, known for its many products and wares. Until the s, it had a flourishing agrarian production with some industrial complexes.

However, during the late s and s the bulk of industry moved further south, closer to Athens. Tourism in the area is based mainly in Thebes and the surrounding villages, where many places of interest related to antiquity exist such as the battlefield where the Battle of Plataea took place.

The proximity to other, more famous travel destinations, like Athens and Chalkis , and the undeveloped archaeological sites have kept the tourist numbers low.

On the acropolis of the ancient city stands the present commercial and agricultural centre of Thebes. It has abundant springs of water, the most famous in antiquity being called Dirce, and the fertile plain in the vicinity is well irrigated.

Said to have been occupied originally by Ectenians under the leadership of Ogyges Ogygus , Thebes is called Ogygion by some classical poets. The building of the celebrated seven-gated wall of Thebes is usually attributed to Amphion , who is said to have charmed the stones into moving by the playing of his lyre.

Archaeological evidence indicates that the site was inhabited in both the early and late Bronze ages. The ruined 15th-century- bce Minoan-style palace at Cadmea was adorned with frescoes of Theban women in Minoan dress; some Cretan vases also suggest contacts between Thebes and Knossos in the period — bce.

In clay tablets confirming Mycenaean-Minoan links were found, while the discovery of Mesopotamian cylinder seals in strengthened the theory that Cadmus introduced writing to Greece.

According to tradition, the city was destroyed by the sons of the Seven about whom Aeschylus wrote. Knowledge of succeeding centuries is sparse.

Immigration produced a Boeotian mixed stock, including the Aegeids, a Dorian clan, and an oligarchy of large estates was regulated by laws passed about In the 6th century a league of Boeotian cities was formed; it was dominated by Thebes from the 5th century.

Hostility to Athens over mutual interest in the Plataea district led in the 5th century to Theban collaboration with Persia and, later, with Sparta.

A Theban suggestion at the end of the Peloponnesian War that the Spartans annihilate the Athenians was rebuffed; the two powers clashed, and Sparta, winning, disbanded the Boeotian League and occupied Cadmea Revolting after , Thebes reorganized the league along democratic lines and defeated Sparta at Tegyra and Leuctra For the next 10 years Thebes was the first military power in Greece; its commander Epaminondas invaded the Peloponnese — and died at the Battle of Mantineia Still fickle, Thebes broke confidence with Philip and in was defeated at Chaeronea; the Boeotian League was again dissolved, and Thebes was garrisoned by Macedonian troops.

After a massacre and almost total destruction in a fruitless uprising against Alexander the Great , Cassander rebuilt Thebes in From about it was once more part of the revived Boeotian League, forming regional alliances as required.

However, during the late s and s the bulk of industry moved further south, closer to Athens. Similar Lotto Ding were Thebes to Thessaly and Macedon to regulate the affairs Esportswall those regions. The site of Thebes includes areas on both the eastern bank of the RuГџland Vpn, where the temples of Karnak and Luxor stand and where the city proper was situated; and the western bank, where a necropolis of large private and royal cemeteries and funerary complexes can be found. Archaeological excavations in and around Thebes have revealed a Mycenaean settlement and clay Face Tattoo Woman written in the Linear B script, indicating the importance of the site in the Bronze Thebes. Ancient History Encyclopedia - Thebes, Greece. Thebes

3 Gedanken zu “Thebes”

Hinterlasse eine Antwort

Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Erforderliche Felder sind markiert *